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UNESCO press release N°2017-146
United Nations announces Decade of Ocean Science
Paris, 6 December - The United Nations announced the Decade of Ocean Science for Sustainable Development (2021-2030) to mobilize the scientific community, policy-makers, business and civil society around a programme of joint research and technological innovation.
The announcement of this Decade consolidates efforts by UNESCO's Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC) to boost international cooperation in ocean sciences. It will enable better coordination of research programmes, observation systems, capacity development, maritime space planning and the reduction of maritime risks to improve the management of ocean and coastal zones resources.
UNESCO Director-General Audrey Azoulay welcomed the announcement and called on all stakeholders to join the scientific cooperation effort of the Organization. "The ocean is a new frontier. It covers 71% of the globe and we have explored less than 5%. The Decade will ensure greater coordination of research. UNESCO's IOC is proud to be at the forefront of this effort," she said.
Nearly 3 billion people depend on marine and coastal biodiversity to meet their needs. It absorbs around a third of the CO2 produced by humans and reduces the impact of climate change. However, science has not yet managed to fully evaluate the cumulative effects of human activities on the ocean, including the impact of pollution, warming and acidification, which threaten this environment, which is vital for our survival. According to the IOC's Global Ocean Science Report, national spending on ocean sciences accounts for between 0.04 - 4% of the total invested in research and development.
Surveying the ocean requires costly ships and equipment, satellite imaging, underwater robots and remotely controlled vehicles that need significant investment. It also involves thousands of scientists collecting and analysing the data, either in laboratories or in marine environments. One of the priorities of the Decade will be to strengthen and diversify financial sources, particularly for Small Island Developing States and Least Developed Countries.
By providing natural, yet innovative solutions for the major challenges facing the planet - from climate change to poverty eradication—the ocean is essential for ensuring our social, economic and environmental balance. This Decade, will provide a framework for international coordination and partnership to reinforce research capacities in marine sciences and the transfer of technology.
The Decade of Ocean Science will help accelerate progress towards achieving Sustainable Development Goal 14 for the conservation and sustainable use of the ocean, seas and marine resources. This announcement affirms the UN Member States' support for the IOC-UNESCO initiative expressed during the UN Ocean Conference (New York, 5-9 June) and by the Ministerial Declaration on Oceans and Human Health (Lisbon, 8 September,).
Laetitia Kaci, UNESCO Media Relations, firstname.lastname@example.org, +33(0)145681772
UNESCO Media advisory Nº2017-35
World leaders, civil society and experts mark 2nd anniversary of Paris global climate change deal
Paris, 4 December– Five days before the day the historic Paris Climate Change Accord marks its 2nd anniversary, UNESCO will host a Forum bringing together international civil society partners to strengthen competencies related to education, natural and social sciences, cultural and communication which contribute to tackling climate change on 7-8 December.
The Forum will precede the One Planet Summit, organized by the United Nations and the World Bank, at the initiative of the French government, which will take place on the 12th and be attended by several world leaders.
Taking stock of the "COP 21 Paris Agreement", the NGOs will discuss UNESCO competencies, particularly the ocean, as well as cultural heritage, biosphere reserves and indigenous peoples' knowledge, and the role of civil society organizations.
They will build on UNESCO's updated Strategy for Action on Climate Change, adopted by the 195 Member States in November at the General Conference. It focuses on several UNESCO programmes which promote interdisciplinary climate knowledge and scientific cooperation for climate change mitigation and adaptation, including those related to hydrology, geosciences, and biospheres, as well as the work of the Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission.
Discussions will also devise concrete actions related to UNESCO's Declaration of Ethical Principles in Relation to Climate Change which outlines globally-agreed ethical principles that should guide decision-making and policy-making at all levels and help mobilize people to address climate change.
Journalists wishing to attend the event are invited to request accreditation from Laetitia Kaci email@example.com/ +33 1 45 68 17 72
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Using the hashtags
#ChangingMindsNotTheClimate / #OnePlanetSummit #unescongoforum
Online Registration is open for a talk by Professor Stephen Stigler from the University of Chicago on "Mahalanobis & Fisher: Mathematical Statistics As A Global Enterprise" on Friday, December 8th, 2017 from 3:00 PM – 4:30 PM at the Indian Statistical Institute, Delhi (ISI Delhi Auditorium; Address: 7, S. J. S. Sansanwal Marg, New Delhi, 110016).