The Key to Resolving Straw Burning: Farmers' Expertise
by Poonam Pandey, Govert Valkenburg, Annapurna Mamidipudi, Wiebe E. Bijker
Maastricht University, 2017, Policy brief on missing cultural perspectives.
- The problem of straw burning is persistent: rules and regulations nor technological alternatives have been able to end it. This points at the need for a much deeper understanding of the underlying causes.
- Using agricultural waste for energy is not only a technological and supply-chain problem, but requires integrated policies from the agricultural and energy-domain ministries.
- Without the collaboration of farmers, no solution will work. Farmers thus need to be involved in finding solutions that help their communities and livelihoods, values their skills and knowledge, and respects their identities and dignity.
- The problem has such diverse technological, economic and cultural dimensions, that a diversity of solutions should be pursued. This diversity should include localized and community-based solutions. One centralised industry-led bioenergy approach, such as 2G ethanol, will not accommodate the diverse forms in which the problem exists.