Wednesday, October 20, 2021

New STS article " India @ 75: Science, Technology and Innovation Policies for Development" by V. V. Krishna

India @ 75: Science, Technology and Innovation Policies for Development
V. V. Krishna, Science, Technology and Society, 2021. 

Abstract: India was perhaps the only country among the developing world with a colonial past to have organised and established a national science community much before it attained its independence. Nehruvian science and technology (S&T) policy in India's formative years left a distinct imprint in the post-colonial and post-independent India. With a huge population of nearly 1.35 billion people, India has not been dependent on food from outside countries since the 1960s. Green and White Revolutions have made immense contributions to develop scientific and technical capacities in agriculture. India's innovation system, including higher education, has given her some comparative advantage through 'human capital' in information technology, biotechnology, pharmaceuticals, space research and so on. In export promotion and economic competitiveness in technology-based industries, we lag compared with East Asian 'Dragons'. India's informal sector poses a formidable challenge with more than 95% of the total labour force, about 550 million, 90% of which is 8th class dropouts. When we begin to assess our national innovation system, one feature that stands out to research observers is few islands of excellence and vast 'hinterlands' of underdeveloped research potential. There is clearly a gap between theory and practice of science policy in India. Our gross expenditure on research and development as a proportion of gross domestic product remained relatively stagnant and, in fact, receded from 0.8% in the 1990s to 0.7% in 2020. In this period, our neighbour, China, left us far behind in S&T for development.

Sunday, October 17, 2021

UNESCO launches global eDNA project to study vulnerability of species to climate change at marine World Heritage sites

UNESCO Press Release No.2021-106


UNESCO launches global eDNA project to study vulnerability of species to climate change at marine World Heritage sites


Paris, 18 October — An ambitious project using cutting edge environmental DNA, known as eDNA, to understand the richness of biodiversity of UNESCO's marine World Heritage sites launches today. It will involve the collection by scientists and local residents of genetic material from waste, mucus or the cells of fish from across select marine World Heritage sites, with the aim of monitoring fish, including species red-listed by the International Union Conservation of Nature (IUCN). eDNA involves collecting and analyzing samples collected from the environment (soil, water, air) rather than an individual organism. 


The two-year eDNA project will help measure the vulnerability of marine biodiversity to climate change and the impacts of that change on the distribution and migration patterns of marine life across marine World Heritage sites. Launched at the start of the United Nations Decade of Ocean Science for Sustainable Development (2021-2030), it will help understand global trends and inform ongoing efforts to protect marine ecosystems and ensure future generations continue to enjoy the services they provide. 


"Marine World Heritage sites play a critical role in protecting marine ecosystems of exceptional universal value, and provide opportunities for the public to appreciate and preserve marine environments. Climate change is affecting the behaviour and distribution of underwater life and we must understand what is happening so we can adapt our conservation efforts to evolving conditions," said Ernesto Ottone R., UNESCO Assistant Director-General for Culture. 


"eDNA sampling can provide an innovative, affordable, and long-awaited capacity to better understand the ocean ecosystems, their composition and behaviour, and to start managing ocean resources more sustainably," said Vladimir Ryabinin, UNESCO Assistant Director-General and Executive Secretary of the IOC of UNESCO. It is a step toward the Ocean Decade's vision of unlocking the knowledge we need to create the ocean we want by 2030."  


UNESCO's marine World Heritage sites are recognized for their unique biodiversity, outstanding ecosystems, or for representing major stages in Earth's history. Since the inscription of the first marine site, the Great Barrier Reef (Australia), on UNESCO's World Heritage List in 1981, the List has grown to host a global network of 50 marine sites, beacons of hope for healing the ocean.  


The use of eDNA in ocean monitoring and data collection is still in its infancy and standard protocols for sampling and data management will be streamlined in UNESCO's ground breaking eDNA project. It will apply a consistent methodology across multiple marine protected areas simultaneously for the first time, marking the birth of global standards in sampling and data monitoring and management practices while making that data available to the public. 


The project will engage local citizens, guided by expert support, in, for example, taking water samples, filtering them and fixing their eDNA, which will then be sequenced in specialized laboratories.  


All data will be processed and published by the Ocean Biodiversity Information System (OBIS), the world's largest open-access data system on the distribution and diversity of marine species, maintained and collectively supported by a world-wide network of thousands of scientists, data managers and users. It works to advance our understanding of life in the ocean, and helps establish indicators that inform conservation and management policies.  


The project is implemented by UNESCO's Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission and World Heritage Centre, with the support of the Government of Flanders. 




Media Contact : Clare O'Hagan

+33 (0) 1 45 68 17 29

If you would rather not receive future communications from UNESCO, let us know by clicking here.
UNESCO, 7, place de Fontenoy, PARIS, NA FRANCE France

Tuesday, October 12, 2021

CfPs: RC-13: Science, Technology and Society to be presented at 46th AISC 2021

RC-13: Science, Technology and Society
Invites Conference Papers which will be presented (online) at
46th All India Sociological Conference (46th AISC 2021)
Hosted by Mumbai University, Mumbai
8-10 December 2021

IMPORTANT DATE: Abstract should be directly emailed to the RC-13 Convenor at: by 15th November 2021.

Sub-themes: RC-13 Science, Technology and Society
1. Development of Science and Technology and Social Inclusion
2. Science, Technology and Sustainable Development
3. Gender Issues in Science and Technology
4. Changing Relations between Science and Society
5. Digital Technology and Social Transformation
6. Development of Science and Technology in Post independent India
7. Science and Freedom Movement in India
8. Role of Science and Technology in the establishment of a Welfare State

Paper presentation:
An abstract must have the following format: Title, brief introduction, objectives, significance/relevance, methodology and major findings/thesis/argument. The words limit: 200-250 words 12 font, word file; For Hindi: Kruti Dev, 10pt. The abstract should be directly emailed to the RC-13 Convenor at: by 15th November 2021. Abstracts submitted after the due date may not be included in the abstract book. Along with the abstract, participants are also required to send the following details: (1) Name, (2) Designation, (3) Institution/College/ University, (4) Email, (5) Mobile number, (6) ISS membership no, (7) RC membership number. Notes: These details are mandatory for paper presentation; therefore, you are required to ensure to send them to the RC convenor. Membership to the Indian Sociological Society (ISS) and RC-13 is mandatory for paper presentations. Membership of the ISS and Research Committee (RC) can be obtained through ISS Web Portal

Monday, October 11, 2021

SciDataCon2021 Panel Discussion on "Research Data and FAIR Data Framework in the Context of India's STIP2021: The Way Forward" | 26 October at 16:30 IST

Dear Colleagues,

Greetings from the Virtual SciDataCon Session Organisers!

Pleased to inform you that we are going to organize a Panel Discussion on "Research Data and FAIR Data Framework in the Context of India's STIP2021: The Way Forward" during the Virtual SciDataCon 2021. The detail of the Session is as follows:

Date: October 26, 2021 | Time: 16:30 - 17:30 IST 

With Best Regards

Usha Mujoo Munshi
Shaily Gandhi
(Organisers of Panel 307, Virtual SciDataCon 2021)

3 Days Globelics-Indialics Webinars on Reimagining Innovation System for Covid-19 and Post Covid-19 World | 12-14 Oct

Three Days Globelics-Indialics Webinar On the theme Reimagining Innovation System for Covid-19 and Post Covid-19 World
Dates: Oct 12, 2021 04:30 PM IST
Oct 13, 2021 04:30 PM IST
Oct 14, 2021 05:30 PM IST
Meeting ID: 861 1763 1260 
Passcode: 2021 [For all 3 days the loginID and Passcode will remain the same]

Journal of Scientometric Research, New Issue is now Online

Journal of Scientometric Research, Vol 10, Issue 2, 2021

Table of Contents
Journal of Scientometric Research, 2021, 10(2)

Research Articles
Book Reviews

ALOK SHARMA President of the COP 26 to give 'Paris Speech' at UNESCO headquarters


UNESCO Save the Date 




ALOK SHARMA President of the COP 26 to give Paris Speech at UNESCO headquarters



Time: Tuesday 12th October 2021, from 10.45-12.00 CET



Alok Sharma, the President of the COP 26 will deliver his pre-COP 'Paris Speech' at UNESCO head-quarters in Paris. UNESCO's Assistant Director-General for Science, Shamila Nair-Bedouelle and Laurent Fabius, President of the COP 21, will also speak.


The Paris Speech will be followed by a Press Conference. Seating for journalists is limited. For accreditation to attend the event please contact:

Clare O'Hagan

+33 (0) 1 45 68 17 29


Before delivering his speech Mr. Sharma will meet with UNESCO Director-General, Audrey Azoulay to discuss the goals of the COP 26. UNESCO works through its Science, Culture and Education sectors to protect biodiversity and to promote Education for Sustainable Development. Earlier this year UNESCO called for the prominent positioning of Education for Sustainable Development in school curricula in every country in the world by 2030. A report published by UNESCO this summer, Learn for our planet found that currently climate change receives far too little mention in learning materials.



11h-11h30           speech : Laurent Fabius and Pres COP26 (streamed to COP26 YouTube channel)

11h30-12h           press conference

The speeches and press conference will also be livestreamed to the COP 26 Youtube Channel:




If you would rather not receive future communications from UNESCO, let us know by clicking here.
UNESCO, 7, place de Fontenoy, PARIS, NA FRANCE France

Thursday, October 7, 2021

[apeid.higher_education.bgk] ENIC-NARIC Webinars series in autumn 2021 - updated information

Dear Colleagues,


Forwarding a message from UNESCO and ENIC-NARIC:


Given that the issue of "substantial difference" is often the most problematic/mis-understood clause with the Conventions, you might find the October 13th session (webinar 3) of interest....




Peter J. Wells

Chief, Higher Education 

Division for Education 2030

7, Place du Fontenoy, Paris

Tel: +33 1 456 80832



  Learn More:





From: Communication <> on behalf of Technical Support Team of the ENIC-NARIC Networks <>
Sent: 06 October 2021 17:53
To: <>; <>; <>
Cc: <>; <>
Subject: [Communication] Webinars series in autumn 2021 - updated information


CAUTION: This email is external from UNESCO. Please be vigilant on its sender and content. ATTENTION : Cet e-mail est externe à l'UNESCO. Soyez vigilant sur son expéditeur et contenu.


Dear colleagues,


We would like to inform you that there has been a change of date for Webinar 5 "International schools in my country: is recognition possible?", which will take place on 9 November 2021 at 10:00-11:30 CET. If you have already registered you don’t need to do it again.


Besides, Webinar 7 "Offshore Medical Schools in the West Indies: Typical Structure and Assessment” is now confirmed to take place on 2 December at 15:00-16:30 pm CET.


Below, the updated information on the remaining webinars. You are invited to register if you haven't done so yet:


  • Webinar 3. Why the differences in difference? Acceptable or substantial on 13 October 2021 at 10:00 - 11:30 CEST


  • Webinar 4. Recognition of Prior Learning – state of play and implications for ENIC-NARIC Centres on 25 October 2021 at 14:00-15:30 CEST


  • Webinar 5. International schools in my country: is recognition possible? On 9 November 2021 at 10:00-11:30 CET


  • Webinar 6. Digitization - developments and updates DigiNet project on 24 November at 14:30-16:00 CET


  • Webinar 7. Offshore Medical Schools in the West Indies: Typical Structure and Assessment on 2 December 2021 at 15:00-16:30 CET


Please find attached the overview of all the webinar series.


Best regards,



Technical Support Team
of the ENIC-NARIC Networks


On 15 Sep 2021, at 11:33, Technical Support Team of the ENIC-NARIC Networks <> wrote:


Dear colleagues,


Would you like to register for the ENIC-NARIC webinar series taking place from September to December 2021?


The first webinar "Impact of Recognition Statement on Integration in the Labour Market - The Case of Sweden" will take place next Tuesday, 21 September at 10:00-11:30 CEST (Central European Summer Time).



The other webinars of this series are the following and registration is already open:

2. Fair and transparent recognition of refugees qualifications towards successful participation in higher education and labour market on 29 September 2021 at 14:30-16:00 CEST


3. Why the differences in difference? Acceptable or substantial on 13 October 2021 at 10:00 - 11:30 CEST


4. Recognition of Prior Learning – state of play and implications for ENIC-NARIC Centres on 25 October 2021 at 14:00-15:30 CEST


5. International schools in my country: is recognition possible? on 11 November 2021 at 10:00-11:30 CET


6. Digitization - developments and updates DigiNet project on 24 November at 14:30-16:00 CET


7. Offshore Medical Schools in the West Indies: Typical Structure and Assessment in early December (tbc)


Best regards,

The TST on behalf of the EB/NAB


Technical Support Team
of the ENIC-NARIC Networks


On 8 Sep 2021, at 14:21, Jenneke Lokhoff <> wrote:


Dear colleagues,


Hope you had an enjoyable Summer break.


On behalf of the EB/NAB and Secretariats, I am delighted to invite you and your colleagues to this Autumns' webinar series. This is a virtual alternative for the ENIC-NARIC Joint Annual Meeting workshops and includes the following 7 events:

  1. Impact of Recognition Statement on Integration in the Labour Market – The case of Sweden. 21 September 2021 at 10:00 - 11:30 CEST. Registration:
  2. Fair and transparent recognition of refugees qualifications towards successful participation in higher education and labour market 29 September 2021 at 14:30 - 16:00 CEST. Registration:
  3. Why the differences in difference? Acceptable or substantial 13 October 2021 at 10:00 - 11:30 CEST. Registration:
  4. Recognition of Prior Learning – state of play and implications for ENIC-NARIC Centres 25 October 2021 at 14:00 - 15:30 CEST. Registration:
  5. International schools in my country: is recognition possible? 11 November 2021 at 10:00 - 11:30 CEST. Registration:
  6. Digitization - developments and updates DigiNet project 24 November at 14:30 - 16:00 CEST. Registration:
  7. Offshore Medical Schools in the West Indies: Typical Structure and Assessment 2 December 2021 at 15:00 - 16:30 CEST (NB: date TBC) Registration:

Additional information:

  • Registration is open to all ENIC-NARIC staff and there is no restriction per centre;
  • Registered participants reveice the link to access the meeting and additional material the day before each webinar;
  • The webinars, conducted via ZOOM, will be recorded and made available to the ENIC-NARICs on the restricted area of the ENIC-NARIC website;
  • More information on the contents is attached. 

Thanks to Angela Lambkin, Bessy Athanasapoulos, the Technical Support Team and all colleagues whom submitted a proposal for putting together this series! For technical and registration related questions you can contact: For other questions you can contact Angela: alambkin@qqi.

We are looking forward to see you and/or your colleagues at one of the events!


Best regards,

Jenneke Lokhoff


President ENIC - Bureau


This e-mail message, including any attachment(s) is intended only for the addressee(s) and might be confidential. If it was sent to you by mistake, please discard it immediately without using or passing on the information it contains. We kindly ask you to inform us about the mistaken delivery. <Overview_28th_ENJM_Webinars.pdf>



Vol. 1, No. 1: The Sustainability Issue 🌿

Oct 2021 — Vol. 1, No. 1
View in your browser →

The Sustainability Issue

Welcome to the first IFLA newsletter! When we carried out our first ever survey of IFLA's Members two years ago, a key thing you highlighted was your desire to understand more about our Federation, what we are doing, and how to get involved.

The last two years has seen intense work to deliver. Already in August, we launched our new governance structures, focused on trying to make IFLA easier to understand and work with, as well as our new website.

And now, today, I am thrilled to share our first newsletter, bringing you a selection of the work carried out for you, with you, by you, in support of a strong and united library field powering literate, informed and participatory societies.
Read the full editorial →

Gerald Leitner
IFLA Secretary General


We're happy to share a conversation between IFLA's Secretary General Gerald Leitner and Barbara Lison, IFLA's President 2021-2023, who offers some ideas about her presidential theme and her hopes for the coming two years.

Gerald Leitner: What drove you to take on the role of IFLA President?

Barbara Lison:
I have always been especially committed to library policy and library advocacy, marketing and governance issues. I know the impact of successful networking with partners from within and outside the library field. And supporting networking and political activities is a major task for library associations.

Therefore I started my in involvement in these associations – both those bringing together institutions and library staff - quite early in my professional career. I did this step-by-step, from the regional to the national level, then I "jumped" into the European context with EBLIDA and also through the participation in EU funded projects.

My first IFLA commitment was the support of the German national committee in its bid for WLIC 2003 in Berlin. I participated in that Congress as volunteer and as First-Timer and since then I was indeed "infected" by the IFLA spirit.

My experience as Member of the Governing Board 2011-2013 and 2013-2015 showed me the opportunities and challenges IFLA has to support the Global Library Field. I was especially fascinated by the combination of professional work and advocacy activities which IFLA has taken on since the Presidency of Claudia Lux.

My decision to run for President-elect and – hopefully – become IFLA-President was motivated by this challenge to lead this global organisation to show the world the relevance of libraries for the future of humanity. A great word, yes! But I absolutely believe in this!

Read the full interview →

Barbara Lison
IFLA President, 2021 - 2023


Bringing the field together, globally: IFLA President engages with Members

IFLA's new President Barbara Lison has been active in participating in events organised by IFLA Members, talking about our Federation's work and priorities, and helping more colleagues to benefit from being part of a global field.

She has given keynote addresses at the International Conference of the Association of University Librarians of Sri Lanka, at an event organised in Santa Catharina, Brazil, and has recorded a
podcast with IFLA's own Continued Professional Development and Workplace Learning Section

In particular, she was a keynote speaker at Localising the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) through Baltic Museums and Libraries, setting out IFLA's approach to the SDGs, and encouraging others to engage.

Integrating libraries and culture into sustainable development planning: IFLA Secretary General speaks at 4th Culture Summit

Around the world, there are al`ready very positive examples of local and regional governments integrating libraries and culture into their wider development policies. To spread this good practice, we need both to build awareness, and shape global frameworks.

Through his interventions at the UCLG Culture Summit in Izmir, Turkey, IFLA Secretary General Gerald Leitner underlined the urgency of action, and IFLA's readiness to engage.
Read more on our website →


IFLA at the Urban 20 Summit: Libraries for a green, fair and local recovery

At a meeting of the mayors of many of the most important cities around the world, IFLA, on behalf of the Culture2030Goal campaign, underlined the importance of investing in culture and libraries, and integrating them into policy planning in order to support greener, fairer development.

Read more →

Available Now! Second edition of the UNESCO/PERSIST Guidelines for the selection of digital heritage for long-term preservation

To enable the sustainability of documentary cultural heritage, including in digital form, in line with the
UNESCO 2015 Recommendation, steps must be taken to preserve digitised and born-digital materials. The volume of digital information is almost incalculable, and continues to grow, which presents a significant challenge.

The UNESCO/PERSIST Guidelines for the Selection of Digital Heritage for Long-Term Preservation were developed to assist practitioners make informed decisions about digital resources to be kept for long term access.

Read more →

Knowledge Rights 21 – 21st century access to culture, learning and research in Europe

Stichting IFLA Foundation is delighted to receive a €3m Arcadia grant to launch the new Knowledge Rights 21 (KR21) programme to promote access to knowledge for study, research and cultural life in Europe.

We are grateful to Arcadia, a charitable fund of Lisbet Rausing and Peter Baldwin, for its grant of €3m over three years. SIF will work with key partner associations – IFLA, LIBER, SPARC Europe as well as experts to strengthen the voice of libraries at national and European levels through supporting strong and sustainable national networks and delivering training and support.

Read more →

Library voices in internet governance discussions: upcoming engagement opportunities

Digital rights and inclusion, media literacy, the ethics of algorithms, and many other pressing goals and questions continue to be at the heart of internet governance dialogues. Multi-stakeholder discussions and cooperation in these areas are an important tool to reaching the global digital inclusion and digital transformation ambitions.

Libraries continue to be a strong voice for equitable and meaningful access to information in the digital ecosystem – and the coming months offer many opportunities for library engagement in various internet governance platforms and dialogues. IFLA has prepared guidance for anyone interested in getting involved.

Read more →

Literacy at the heart of human-centred recovery: Marking International Literacy Day

To mark International Literacy Day 2021, IFLA releases a new research report, highlighting the contributions that libraries are making to successful literacy initiatives, in particular in developing countries. The report is there to support advocacy by libraries in favour of inclusion in necessary efforts to deliver literacy for all, and so support sustainable development.

Read more →


Welcome to IFLA's new committee members!

Congratulations and continued success to members of the IFLA Professional and Regional Structures, as well as our Advisory Committees, who have been newly elected or are continuing on from a previous term.

These bodies hold great responsibility for moving the work of IFLA forward, enriching the library and information field with their expertise, through initiatives, projects and activities aligned to the
2019-2024 IFLA Strategy.

To find out more about IFLA's different committees, or to get involved, visi
t our new Committee Finder page on the IFLA website.

Read more →


Join our dynamic team in The Hague, the Netherlands! This is your time to inspire, engage, enable and connect over two million library professionals worldwide.

Network Coordinator (closes 11 October 2021, 12:00 CEST)

Programme Manager (closes 11 October 2021, 12:00 CEST)


Libraries Sustain: Keynote speech

At the 2021 World Library and Information Congress, Andrew Potts, coordinator of the Secretariat of the Climate Heritage Network, gave the keynote speech for the Libraries Sustain thematic track of the Congress.

Underlining how essential culture is in achieving the change in behaviours needed to prevent catastrophic global warming, he nonetheless stressed that business-as-usual could not be an option for the heritage sector either.

We are happy to share the transcript of his intervention, and in doing so provide more information about the Climate Heritage Network and how to get involved.

our website or watch the 25 minute recording on our YouTube channel!

Even if you could not attend the congress on 17-19 August, you can still watch the recordings and catch up on the latest developments in the global library field!

With access to the WLIC 2021 e-library, you'll be able to get the best out of sessions you missed, watch again those that inspired you, and benefit from all the ideas shared!

Registered Congress participants already have free access for the next year. Until 29 October 2021, those who did not register can purchase a twelve month membership for €50. After 29 October 2021, registration is no longer possible — so dive in, rediscover the congress and experience the benefits of being part of a truly global field!

Get access to the WLIC 2021 e-Library→


Organisations and individuals joining IFLA now will receive three bonus months of membership. Pay now, at 2021 rates, and your membership will cover all of 2022.

Nothing more to pay until 2023!

Join us →


IFLA warmly welcomes the following libraries as members of IFLA:

  • Bibliothèque Nationale de Djibouti, Djibouti

  • National Library and Information Services, Bahamas

  • Sikh Reference Library USA, United States of America

  • Taiyuan City Public Library, China

We look forward to their engagement and involvement.


IFLA Professional Unit Virtual Events are an opportunity to engage with a global audience, sharing relevant research and practice through workshops, presentations and discussions.

October 11, 2021

October 13, 2021

October 22, 2021

October 28, 2021

To the events calendar →


Each month, we will be sharing inspiring social media posts and accounts that showcase the ingenuity and diversity of the global library field!

For your chance to get featured here, add the #WeAreIFLA hashtag to your posts.


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