General Scientific Societies in British India
by BK Sen, Indian Journal of History of Science, 2017, 52(2), 197-219.
Abstract: British India gave birth to hundreds of scientific societies devoted to various sub-disciplines of science such as physics, chemistry and mathematics. However, some of them were devoted to science in general and played a significant role in science, society and scientific researches in India.Thirty three such societies are streamlined here with nature of foundation, objectives, publications and other details. The oldest of course is the Asiatic Society (1874) established in Kolkata and the latest being the Association of Scientific Workers of India (1947) inaugurated by Pt. Jawaharlal Nehru.They were established for popularization of science, promotion of science education, research, development of scientific terms in regional languages, translation of foreign scientific texts in Indic languages, and so on. Many of the societies perished for varied reasons. Some of them are existing till to date.
Keywords: Scientific societies - British India; Scientific societies – India; Scientific societies – 18th century - India; Scientific societies – 19th century - India; Scientific societies – 20th century - India.