Understanding Margins, State Power, Space and Territoriality in the Naga Hills
by Debojyoti Das
Journal of Borderlands Studies, 2014.
Abstract: The Naga Hills frontier of British India, located between present day India and Burma, should not only be seen as a geographical or political construction, territorialized by states' administrative and political practices, but as a space of culture and resources. In this paper I argue that the colonial frontier of the Naga Hills does not present a homogenous "out-of–the-way" place, but is mediated by the practice of colonial territorialization, based on the politics of "cultural difference" and the construction of the "other." The notion of a uniform state space is contested in the present reading of Naga Hills as a frontier. Indeed, I seek to show how multiple, contingent spaces exist, which are the converse of a homogenous marginal state space. Further, I argue that the practices of territorialization are to be located against the backdrop of the late 19th century global economic transformation (the establishment of world markets through trade and monopoly through plantation farming) and territorial portioning and redefinition, and based on ethnic classification or "ethno-genesis" (the classification of hill people as opposed to the plains). The present analysis is of relevance to world regions, as it helps us to understand the colonial strategies of territorialization that have shaped contemporary ethnic identity struggles within borderlands.
Emerging Scenario of Nanobiotechnology Development in India
Azamat Ali & Kunal Sinha
European Academic Research, 2014, 2(2): 1707-1727.
Abstract: The paper is an attempt to explore the emerging nanobiotechnology development in India. Nanotechnology and biotechnology is one of the most important emerging fields of science in the 21st century and their merging offers opportunities for novel solutions to needs in biology. The development of these two research fields are proving beneficial for both diagnostic and novel therapies such as drug discovery, drug delivery, gene, vaccine delivery, and tissue engineering in India. The main thrust of this paper is to trace out the overview of research and development (R&D) activities among different players in Indian nanobiotechnology sector. It contributes to policy making by providing new information on the commercialisation of nanobiotechnology product in India. The paper is based on information and data gathered through from various websites, annual report, and R&D projects by the different agencies in the field of nanobiotechnology research in India.